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Type casting is when you assign a value of one primitive data type to another type.

In Java, there are two types of casting:

  • Widening Casting (automatically) - converting a smaller type to a larger type sizebyte -> short -> char -> int -> long -> float -> double
  • Narrowing Casting (manually) - converting a larger type to a smaller size typedouble -> float -> long -> int -> char -> short -> byte

Widening Casting

Widening casting is done automatically when passing a smaller size type to a larger size type:

public class Main { public static void main(String[] args) { int valueInt = 8; double valueDouble = valueInt; // Automatic casting: int to double System.out.println(valueInt); // Outputs 8 ( displays the valueInt value ) System.out.println(valueDouble); // Outputs 8.0 (the integer 8 is automatically converted into double data type . so it results 8.0 . } }

Narrowing Casting

Narrowing casting must be done manually by placing the type in parentheses in front of the value.

syntax:

type variable1 = (type) variable2;

Example:

public class Main { public static void main(String[] args) { double valueDouble = 8.79; int valueInt = (int) valueDouble; // Manual casting: double to int System.out.println(valueDouble); // Outputs 8.79 ( results the myDouble value 8.79) System.out.println(valueInt); // Outputs 8 ( myDouble value 8.79 is manually converted into integer type by using the int data type name in parentheses. } }

here (int) is the used in parentheses in front of the value to convert double data type to int data type.